West Virginia Employment Lawyers
Employment law are those laws approved in West Virginia that apply to employers, employees and independent contractors. These laws apply to every aspect of workplace endeavors, such as hiring policies, wage disputes, and firing of employees. West Virginia's employment laws set forth particular mandates that need to be understood by both employers and employees.
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At-Will and Contract Employment
Most job relationships in West Virginia are on the basis of "at will" employment, but in other cases there may be an employment contract with a predetermined term. In an "at-will" employment arrangement, the employer or the employee may terminate the employment at any given time. The reasons for doing so may not be prohibited however. When an employment contract is used, West Virginia will decide which clauses of the contract are acceptable according to employment law principles.
The Law of Discrimination in West Virginia
West Virginia laws prohibiting discrimination usually apply at any stage of the employment process, including hiring, promotions and terminations. In West Virginia, it is illegal for an employer to discriminate against persons based on their membership in a specific class. These classes may include: age, race, gender, religion, national origin, and disability. Discrimination in the workplace can often be challenging to determine. West Virginia has many lawyers specializing in workplace discrimination who can be of assistance.
West Virginia is situated in the Appalachian region of the U.S., which is famous for its grand mountain ranges. However, because of its geographic position, the state is often listed under many different regions, including the Southeast, and the Mid-Atlantic U.S. regions. The state's economy is driven mainly by natural resources such as coal and oil.
West Virginia is one of the 11 states that operate only one court of appeals. Most states have an intermediate appellate court, with the state Supreme Court also hearing appeals. Instead, appeals in West Virginia are heard exclusively at the highest level, the Supreme Court of Appeals. This makes the Supreme Court one of the busiest appeals courts in the U.S. Other courts in West Virginia include the Circuit Courts, Magistrate Courts, and Municipal Courts.
An important West Virginia case is West Virginia State Board of Education v. Barnette (1943). This case held that students are protected from being forced to recite the Pledge of Allegiance and salute the American flag in school. The ruling was largely based on the Free Speech Clause of the 1st Amendment. The Barnette decision continues to be a landmark decision in the area of Constitutional rights.
Lawyers in West Virginia assist their clients mostly through the Circuit Court system. West Virginia lawyers provide representation during key lawsuits, and can provide advice on obtaining the most favorable legal remedy. A West Virginia attorney can also perform tasks like reviewing legal documents and providing intervention during conflicts.