Discrimination based on gender is prohibited for employers in Vermont due to the Civil Rights Act of 1963, as well as the Equal Pay Act. Therefore, employers may not take sex into account when they determine pay, hire new workers, or promote within the company. They are also required to make sure that the working environment is neither hostile to a particular gender nor overtly sexual.
What Must be Proven in a Discrimination Claim?
Discrimination happens according to the Equal Pay Act if both men and women are working in the same job and performing the same tasks, yet receive different wages. Employers in Middlebury can also be held liable in a discrimination claim if their hiring and promotion policies favor one gender, or if the they take retaliatory action against a worker who files a complaint against their employer.
When is Sexual Harassment Prohibited?
All unwelcome sexual behavior directed at the victim, including physical or verbal acts, is considered to be sexual harassment. A Middlebury employer might be held liable for the unwelcome conduct, even if it was an employee's co-worker who engaged in the sexual harassment.
Vermont employers who allow conduct to produce an overly sexual work atmosphere may also be held liable for sexual harassment. Without a lawyer, it can be difficult to prove gender discrimination because the details in proving intent are often complicated. Additionally, there can be specific procedures that must be closely followed in pursuing a claim.